Tropical forest biodiversity group
Our group studies the interactions among levels of ecological integration. Tropical forests have long served as a testing ground for ecological theories. We are combining field research, molecular biology, and mathematical modeling to explore the mechanisms proposed to explain biodiversity, biogeochemical cycling, and macroevolutionary patterns.
Jerome ChaveDirecteur de Recherche CNRS (DR1), and deputy director of the Unite Mixte de Recherche EDB (Evolution et Diversite Biologique UMR 5174).
Publications on Google Scholar or see below
I hold a PhD in physics from Orsay University (1999) and a diploma from Ecole Centrale Paris (1995). I am the coordinator of LabEx CEntre for the study of Biodiversity in Amazonia (CEBA); and the scientific director of the CNRS Nouragues Ecological Research Station, French Guiana.
• CV (French) • CV (English) •
Nouragues • Labex CEBA
Biomass and tropical tree allometry. Trees display a fascinating diversity in shape and architecture. We have compiled destructive harvest experiments across tropical forests where trees have been cut and their parts individually sampled. This dataset has been instrumental to develop novel allometric equations that are used worldwide to estimate aboveground carbon stocks in mixed-species tropical forests (Chave et al. Global Change Biology 2014). More recent research includes attempts to better understand other allometric relationships (Paul et al. Global Change Biology 2016; Jucker et al. Global Change Biology 2016). • Pantropical allometry database •
Wood density. Wood density is an important functional trait in plants and it is easily measured across woody plants. Over years, we have assembled a global wood density database for tropical forest sites (Chave et al., Ecology Letters 2009). We have also produced a tutorial for wood density measurement. This manual has been updated by the Rainfor consortium. This database has recently been aggregated to the TRY database. • Wood density handbook • Wood density database •
Remote sensing of tropical forests. Novel Earth Observation techniques offer a sub-metric description of natural forest ecosystems (aerial and terrestrial LiDAR) and could also be used to map forest carbon stores globally (P-band radar technology). We have been involved in the preparation missions of the BIOMASS Earth Observation satellite, to be launched in 2020, and are contributing methods for algorithm training and production validation. • BIOMASS mission • Forest Observation System
Neutral theory of biodiversity. Theoretical community ecology has long been elaborated around the notion of the niche. In the early 2000s, the idea that community assembly may be shaped more by the stochastic nature of demography and dispersal than by deterministic factors has come to the fore. The neutral theory of biodiversity and biogeography developed by SP Hubbell has two parameters (theta, a regional diversity parameter; and m an immigration rate). With Franck Jabot, we have developed two freewares to infer the parameters of Hubbell's model. The first code, tetame, implements Rampal Etienne's method of statistical inference by maximum likelihood estimation. The second, parthy, infers the parameters in a non-neutral biodiversity model using Approximate Bayesian Inference. • TETAME • PARTHY •
Biodiversity theory and plant functional traits. Niche theory predicts that in a local community, each species possesses a unique combination of traits (the species niche), to avoid interspecific competition. In contrast, neutral theory of biodiversity ascribes no role to competition and niches for local species coexistence. This project has assembled a unique database combining ecological, physiological, and genetic information in several tropical forest tree communities of French Guiana and has tested existing theories of biodiversity by combining field data and novel modelling approaches. We sampled nine old-growth forest tree plots and measured many plant functional traits; we also produced a phylogenetic hypothesis for the tree species found in our plots (Baraloto et al. 2012). The plant functional trait database is now included in the TRY portal and freely accessible (ANR-funded BRIDGE project 2007-2011). • Functional trait database • BRIDGE project website •
Metabarcoding and environmental DNA biodiversity surveys. Sequencing technologies are evolving at a fast pace and offer unique opportunities to help improve biodiversity surveys. We combined concepts from metagenomics (analysis of cellular microbial DNA from the soil) and from DNA barcoding (use of small DNA fragments that serve to discriminate among species) and developed innovative protocols to standardize the acquisition of high-throughput biodiversity data. These protocols were tested in two large-scale experiments, including broadly different environmental conditions (alpine and tropical), and taxonomic groups (ANR project METABAR; 2012-2016; PI Pierre Taberlet, UMR LECA, Grenoble). • METABARCODING •
Phylogenetics from organelle plant genomes. Evolutionary relationships among species shed light on the pace of diversification and on major events that have underpinned the extant biodiversity of our planet. We used next-generation sequencing technology to assemble full chloroplast genomes of several lineages of tropical forest plants. Our first project has focused on the lesser known family Chrysobalanaceae, frequent as trees in Amazonian forests, and for which a recent systematic treatment is available (Prance and Sothers 2003). We produced sequence data for over 25% of the known species in this family and showed that the family originated from Asia but diversified mostly in Amazonia over the past 30 million years (Bardon et al., American Journal of Botany 2016). We are now extending this work to other dominant families of Amazonian trees: Sapotaceae and Lecythidaceae. • Bardon et al's paper •
Useful links • Center for Tropical Forest Science (ForestGEO) • Amazon Forest Inventory Network (RAINFOR) • Amazon Tree Diversity Network • NASA Earthdata • Worldclim • Diva-GIS • QGIS • The Comprehensive R Archive Network • Harmonized World Soil Database • Angiosperm Phylogeny website • The Plant List v 1.1 • Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, databases • New York Botanical Garden • Missouri Botanical Garden, Tropicos •
Labex CEBA. She did a PhD at Lausanne University on avian malaria. At CEBA she is in charge of evaluating the strengths and opportunities of the project, post-2020.
Labex CEBA. She is now appointed as Research Engineer in the EDB lab. She holds a Msc in ecology and a PhD in environmental microbiology, both from Toulouse University. She is involved in several research projects as part of Labex CEBA, and in the ANR-funded METABAR project.
Léa Bardon (PhD 2011-2015) A former Msc student at Univ Toulouse, Léa worked on the phylogeny of a pantropical family of woody plants, Chrysobalanaceae. She applied plastid genome sequencing techniques to resolve the phylogenetic tree for this family, and used extant species to infer the ancestral areas for lineages. She is now a biology teacher.
Oskar Burger (PDRA 2008-2009) Oskar was involved in an NSF-funded project on Coupled Human-And-Environment System (CHANS) in Guyana, led by Jose Fragoso. He did another post-doc at the Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research in Germany, and he is now Lecturer at University of Kent, UK.
Guillem Chust (PDRA 2002-2004) Guillem conducted his PhD research at CESBIO in Toulouse. As a PDRA with us, he was funded by CNRS and worked on ordination methods for the study of betadiversity in tropical tree species. More recently, we collaborated of the neutral theory of biodiversity applied to planktonic marine samples. He is now Senior Researcher at ATZI, Bilbao
Elodie Courtois (PhD student 2006-2010; PDRA 2014-2015) Elodie holds a Msc from INSA-Lyon and a PhD from Toulouse University in chemical ecology (PhD: The perfume of plant defense in Amazonian forests). After a post-doc in Moulis on the chytrid amphibian disease, she was PDRA in the group, hosted at CNRS-Guyane, and funded by the ANAEE-France project. She is now a PDRA at University of Antwerp in Ivan Janssens' lab.
Kyle Dexter (PDRA 2009-2011) Kyle graduated from Duke University on the ecology and biogeography of the Neotropical legume genus Inga. In the group, he contributed to the ANR-funded project BRIDGE, and developed large-scale analyses of traits across the Neotropics. He is now Lecturer at University of Edinburgh.
Mailyn Gonzalez (PhD 2005-2009) Mailyn holds a Msc from University of Lausanne. As a PhD student in the group, she spearheaded our first attempts to develop a functioning plant DNA barcode system for Amazonian trees, and studied the regeneration of trees in French Guiana. She is now Investigador Junior at Instituto De Investigacion De Recursos Biologicos Alexander Von Humboldt in her homeland Colombia.
Franck Jabot (PhD 2005-2009) Franck holds a diploma from Ecole Polytechnique. During his PhD project he worked on improving inference methods for Hubbell's neutral theory of biodiversity. He developed new techniques based on the Approximate Bayesian Computation method. He is now staff researcher at IRSTEA, Clermont-Ferrand.
Coline Jaworski (PhD student 2011-2015) Coline holds a diploma from Ecole de Physique Chimie de Paris, with a background in chemistry. Her PhD was on the eco-evolutionary dynamics of species interactions. She developed experiments at the Moulis experimental ecology station and field work in the Pyerenees to assess floral scent-mediated interactions between Antirrhinum majus (snapdragon) and pollinating insects. She is now post-doc at University of Arizona
Renato Lima (PDRA 2015-2016) Renato was a post-doctoral associate in the group, funded by Fundacao de Amparo a Pesquisa do Estado de Sao Paulo. He holds a PhD in ecology from Universidade de Sao Paulo. His aim is to explain the causes of spatial structure in plant communities using phylogenetic information and functional traits, with a special focus on the floristic assemblages of Sao Paulo State in Southeast Brazil. He's now back at USP, though still frequently visiting France.
Pierre-Jean Malé (PDRA 2011-2013) PJ holds a Msc from Montpellier University and a PhD from Toulouse University, where he worked on ant genetic systems. As a post-doc in the group, he worked to develop early methods of transcriptome sequencing in tropical plants, and plastid genome sequencing by Illumina shotgun sequencing. He is now post-doc at University of Toronto in Megan Frederickson's lab.
Victoria Meyer (PhD 2012-2016) Victoria was a PhD student, co-supervised by Sassan Saatchi in Los Angeles (defended in January 2017, congrats!!). She holds a Msc from Bordeaux University. She is working on the potential of LiDAR data to recover biomass and forest structure information in old-growth tropical forests. She will be based at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena for a post-doc (NASA/CalTech).
Natalia Norden (PhD 2003-2007) Natalia holds a Msc from Paris. Her PhD in Toulouse, co-supervised with Christophe Thebaud, was on the quantification of seed-to-seedling transition in Neotropical trees and lianas. After her PhD she spent a post-doc at the University of Connectitut in Robin Chazdon's lab, then took a professorship at the Universidad Javeriana, Bogota, her hometown. She is now Investigador Junior at Instituto De Investigacion De Recursos Biologicos Alexander Von Humboldt in Bogota.
Maxime Réjou-Méchain (PDRA 2010-2013) Maxime graduated from University of Montpellier where he worked on the dynamics of forests at the CIRAD M'Baiki station, in the Republic of Central Africa. In the group, he worked on the phylogeny of trees of M'Baiki, and on biomass estimation of tropical forests using aerial LiDAR scanning. He then moved to India, to led a remote sensing lab of the Institut Francais de Pondichery, and is now scientist at IRD, Montpellier (AMAP).
Claire Suchet (PhD 2006-2010) Claire holds a Msc from Toulouse University. As a PhD student, she worked on unravelling the smell of wild snapdragon populations in the Pyrenees, in collaboration with Christophe Thebaud and Christine Raynaud. She is now working for the private sector.
Blaise Tymen (PhD 2013-2016) Blaise was trained at Ecole Normale Supérieure de Lyon in biology (funding his PhD). Until December 2015, Blaise was PhD student in the group, co-supervised by Grégoire Vincent (Montpellier). He is now post-doc in the group. His research focuses on applications of aerial LiDAR scanning to detect vegetation structure. He is also implementing fine-scale models of habitat suitability for amphibians in French Guiana. He is now a biology teacher.
Lucie Zinger (PDRA 2013-2016) Lucie is a expert in bioinformatics and microbiology, she was involved in the ANR-funded METABAR project, which developed DNA-based techniques for biodiversity inventory both in the tropics and the temperate zone. She holds a Msc and PhD from Grenoble University (Variations spatio-temporelles de la microflore des sols alpins). She is now assistant professor at Ecole Normale Superieure, rue d'Ulm, Paris.
- Tymen, B., Vincent, G., Courtois, E. A., Heurtebize, J., Dauzat, J., Marechaux, I., & Chave, J. (2017). Quantifying micro-environmental variation in tropical rainforest understory at landscape scale by combining airborne LiDAR scanning and a sensor network. Annals of Forest Science, 74(2), 32.[pdf]
- Stas, S. M., Rutishauser, E., Chave, J., Anten, N. P., & Laumonier, Y. (2017). Estimating the aboveground biomass in an old secondary forest on limestone in the Moluccas, Indonesia: Comparing locally developed versus existing allometric models. Forest Ecology and Management, 389, 27-34.[pdf]
- Grau, O., Peñuelas, J., Ferry, B., Freycon, V., Blanc, L., Desprez, M., ... & Guitet, S. (2017). Nutrient-cycling mechanisms other than the direct absorption from soil may control forest structure and dynamics in poor Amazonian soils. Scientific Reports, 7, 45017.[pdf]
- Réjou‐Méchain, M., Tanguy, A., Piponiot, C., Chave, J., & Hérault, B. (2017). biomass: an r package for estimating above‐ground biomass and its uncertainty in tropical forests. Methods in Ecology and Evolution.[pdf]
- Maréchaux, I., Bartlett, M. K., Iribar, A., Sack, L., & Chave, J. (2017). Stronger seasonal adjustment in leaf turgor loss point in lianas than trees in an Amazonian forest. Biology Letters, 13, 20160819.[pdf]
- de Souza, F. C., Dexter, K. G., Phillips, O. L., Brienen, R. J., Chave, J., Galbraith, D. R., ... & Alexiades, M. (2016, December). Evolutionary heritage influences Amazon tree ecology. Proc. R. Soc. B 283, 20161587.[pdf]
- Ibanez, T., Chave, J., Barrabé, L., Elodie, B., Boutreux, T., Trueba, S., ... & Birnbaum, P. (2017). Community variation in wood density along a bioclimatic gradient on a hyper‐diverse tropical island. Journal of Vegetation Science 28, 19-33.[pdf]
- Jucker, T., Caspersen, J., Chave, J., Antin, C., Barbier, N., Bongers, F., ... Coomes, D. (2017). Allometric equations for integrating remote sensing imagery into forest monitoring programmes. Global Change Biology, 23, 177-190.[pdf]
- Sullivan, M. J., Talbot, J., Lewis, S. L., Phillips, O. L., Qie, L., Begne, S. K., ... & Miles, L. (2017). Diversity and carbon storage across the tropical forest biome. Scientific Reports 7, 39102.[pdf]
- Dexter, K., & Chave, J. (2016). Evolutionary patterns of range size, abundance and species richness in Amazonian angiosperm trees. PeerJ, 4, e2402.[pdf]
- Bardon, L., Sothers, C., Prance, G. T., Malé, P. J. G., Xi, Z., Davis, C. C., ... & Chave, J. (2016). Unraveling the biogeographical history of Chrysobalanaceae from plastid genomes. American Journal of Botany.[pdf]
- Maeda, E. E., Moura, Y. M., Wagner, F., Hilker, T., Lyapustin, A. I., Wang, Y., ... Shimabukuro, Y. (2016). Consistency of vegetation index seasonality across the Amazon rainforest. International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation, 52, 42-53.[pdf]
- Phillips, J., Duque, Á., Scott, C., Wayson, C., Galindo, G., Cabrera, E., ... Duivenvoorden, J. (2016). Live aboveground carbon stocks in natural forests of Colombia. Forest Ecology and Management, 374, 119-128.[pdf]
- Johnson, M. O., Galbraith, D., Gloor, M., De Deurwaerder, H., Guimberteau, M., Rammig, A., ... Phillips, O. L. (2016). Variation in stem mortality rates determines patterns of above‐ground biomass in Amazonian forests: implications for dynamic global vegetation models. Global Change Biology.[pdf]
- Maréchaux, I., Bartlett, M. K., Gaucher, P., Sack, L., & Chave, J. (2016). Causes of variation in leaf-level drought tolerance within an Amazonian forest. Journal of Plant Hydraulics, 3, e004.[pdf]
- Courtois, E. A., Dexter, K. G., Paine, C. E. T., Stien, D., Engel, J., Baraloto, C., Chave, J. (2016). Evolutionary patterns of volatile terpene emissions across 202 tropical tree species. Ecology and evolution, 6(9), 2854-2864.[pdf]
- Zinger, L., Chave, J., Coissac, E., Iribar, A., Louisanna, E., Manzi, S., ... & Taberlet, P. (2016). Extracellular DNA extraction is a fast, cheap and reliable alternative for multi-taxa surveys based on soil DNA. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 96, 16-19.[pdf]
- Wagner, F. H., Anderson, L. O., Baker, T. R., Bowman, D. M., Cardoso, F. C., Chidumayo, E. N., ... & Marques, M. C. (2016). Climate seasonality limits leaf carbon assimilation and wood productivity in tropical forests. Biogeosciences, 13, 2537. [pdf]
- Feldpausch, T. R., Phillips, O. L., Brienen, R. J. W., Gloor, E., Lloyd, J., Lopez‐Gonzalez, G., ... Alvarez‐Loayza, P. (2016). Amazon forest response to repeated droughts. Global Biogeochemical Cycles.[pdf]
- Ho Tong Minh, D., T. Le Toan, F. Rocca, S. Tebaldini, L. Villard, M. Réjou-Méchain, OL Phillips, Ted R. Feldpauschg, P. Dubois-Fernandez, K. Scipali, J. Chave (2016) SAR tomography for the retrieval of forest biomass and height: Cross-validation at two tropical forest sites in French Guiana. Remote Sensing of the Environment, 175, 138-147.[pdf]
- Paul, K. I., Roxburgh, S. H., Chave, J., England, J. R., Zerihun, A., Specht, A., ... Sinclair J. (2016). Testing the generality of above‐ground biomass allometry across plant functional types at the continent scale. Global Change Biology. [pdf]
- Díaz, S., Kattge, J., Cornelissen, J. H., Wright, I. J., Lavorel, S., Dray, S., ... Garnier, E. (2016). The global spectrum of plant form and function. Nature, 529, 167-171. [pdf]
- Tymen, B., Réjou‐Méchain, M., Dalling, J. W., Fauset, S., Feldpausch, T. R., Norden, N., ... Chave, J. (2016). Evidence for arrested succession in a liana‐infested Amazonian forest. Journal of Ecology, 104, 149-159.[pdf]
- Chu, C., Bartlett, M., Wang, Y., He, F., Weiner, J., Chave, J., Sack, L. (2016). Does climate directly influence NPP globally?. Global Change Biology, 22, 12-24. doi: 10.1111/gcb.13079.[pdf]
- Ringler, M., Mangione, R., Pašukonis, A., Rainer, G., Gyimesi, K., Felling, J., ... Ringler, E. (2016). High-resolution forest mapping for behavioural studies in the Nature Reserve Les Nouragues, French Guiana. Journal of Maps, 12, 26-32.[pdf]
- Jaworski, C. C., Thébaud, C., Chave, J. (2016). Dynamics and persistence in a metacommunity centred on the plant Antirrhinum majus: theoretical predictions and an empirical test. Journal of Ecology, 104, 456-468. doi: 10.1111/1365-2745.12515.[pdf]
- Réjou-Méchain, M., Tymen, B., Blanc, L., Fauset, S., Feldpausch, T. R., Monteagudo, A., ... Chave, J. (2015). Using repeated small-footprint LiDAR acquisitions to infer spatial and temporal variations of a high-biomass Neotropical forest. Remote Sensing of Environment, 169, 93-101.[pdf]
- Honorio Coronado, E. N., Dexter, K. G., Pennington, R. T., Chave, J., Lewis, S. L., Alexiades, M. N., ... Vos, V. (2015). Phylogenetic diversity of Amazonian tree communities. Diversity and Distributions, 21, 1295-1307 [pdf]
- Jaworski, C. C., Andalo, C., Raynaud, C., Simon, V., Thebaud, C., Chave, J. (2015). The Influence of Prior learning experience on pollinator choice: An experiment using bumblebees on two wild floral types of Antirrhinum majus. PloS ONE, 10(8), e0130225.[pdf]
- Fauset, S., Johnson, M. O., Gloor, M., Baker, T. R., Monteagudo, A., Brienen, R. J., ... Levis, C. (2015). Hyperdominance in Amazonian forest carbon cycling. Nature Communications, 6.[pdf]
- Marechaux, I., Bartlett, M. K., Sack, L., Baraloto, C., Engel, J., Joetzjer, E., Chave, J. (2015). Drought tolerance as predicted by leaf water potential at turgor loss point varies strongly across species within an Amazonian forest. Functional Ecology. doi: 10.1111/1365-2435.12452 [pdf]
- Courtois, E. A., Gaucher, P., Chave, J., Schmeller, D. S. (2015). Widespread Occurrence of Bd in French Guiana, South America. PLoS ONE, in press. [pdf]
- Brienen, R. J. W., Phillips, O. L., Feldpausch, T. R., Gloor, E., Baker, T. R., Lloyd, J., ... Marimon, B. S. (2015). Long-term decline of the Amazon carbon sink. Nature, 519, 344-348.[pdf]
- DeWalt, S. J., Schnitzer, S. A., Alves, L. F., Bongers, F., Burnham, R. J., Cai, Z., ... Melis, J. V. (2015). Biogeographical patterns of liana abundance and diversity. Ecology of Lianas, 131-146.[pdf]
- Kocher, A., Kamilari, M., Lhuillier, E., Coissac, E., Peneau, J., Chave, J., Murienne, J. (2014). Shotgun assembly of the assassin bug Brontostoma colossus mitochondrial genome (Heteroptera, Reduviidae). Gene, 552, 184-194.[pdf]
- T Emilio, CA Quesada, F Costa, WE Magnusson, J Schietti, TR Feldpausch, RJW Brienen, TR Baker, J Chave, E Alvarez, A Araujo, O Banki, CV Castilho, EN Honorio, TJ Killeen, Y Malhi, EM Oblita Mendoza, A Monteagudo, D Neill, GA Parada, A Pena-Cruz, H Ramirez-Angulo, M Schwarz, M Silveira, H ter Steege, JW Terborgh, R Thomas, A Torres Lezama, E Vilanova, OL Phillips 2014. Soil physical constraints limit palm and tree basal area in Amazonian forests Plant Ecology and Diversity, 7, 215-229. [pdf]
- J Chave, M Réjou-Méchain, A Burquez, E Chidumayo, MS Colgan, WBC Delitti, A Duque, T Eid, PM Fearnside, RC Goodman, M Henry, A Martinez-Yrizar, WA Mugasha, HC Muller-Landau, M Mencuccini, BW Nelson, A Ngomanda, EM Nogueira, E Ortiz-Malavassi, R Pélissier, P Ploton, CM Ryan, JG Saldarriaga, G Vieilledent. 2014. Improved allometric models to estimate the above ground biomass of tropical trees. Global Change Biology, 20, 3177-3190. DOI: 10.1111/gcb.12629 [pdf]
- I Parmentier, M Réjou-Méchain, J Chave, J Vleminckx, DW Thomas, D Kenfack, GB Chuyong, OJ Hardy. 2014. Prevalence of phylogenetic clustering at multiple scales in an African rain forest tree community. Journal of Ecology, 102, 1008-1016. DOI: 10.1111/1365-2745.12254 [pdf]
- PJG Malé;, L Bardon, G Besnard, E Coissac, F Delsuc, J Engel, E Lhuillier, C Scotti-Saintagne, A Tinaut, J Chave. 2014. Genome skimming by shotgun sequencing helps resolve the phylogeny of a pantropical tree family. Molecular Ecology Resources, 14, 966-975. DOI 1111/1755-0998.12246. [pdf]
- Mitchard, E. T., Feldpausch, T. R., Brienen, R. J., Lopez-Gonzalez, G., Monteagudo, A., Baker, T. R., ... Pardo Molina, G. (2014). Markedly divergent estimates of Amazon forest carbon density from ground plots and satellites. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 23(8), 935-946. DOI: 10.1111/geb.12168, [pdf]
- TR Baker, RT Pennington, S Magallon, E Gloor, WF Laurance et al. 2014. Fast demographic traits promote high diversification rates of Amazonian trees. Ecology Letters, 17, 527-536. DOI: 10.1111/ele.12252 [pdf]
- AA de Oliveira, A Vicentini, J Chave, CT Castanho, SJ Davies, AMZ Martini, RAF Lima, RR Ribeiro, A Iribar, VC Souza (2014) Habitat specialization and phylogenetic structure of tree species in a coastal Brazilian white-sand forest. Journal of Plant Ecology doi: 10.1093/jpe/rtt073 [pdf].
- H ter Steege, N Pitman, D Sabatier, C Baraloto, R Salomao, JE Guevara, et al. 2013. Hyper-dominance in the Amazonian tree flora. Science 342, 1243092 [pdf].
- F Hibert, P Taberlet, J Chave, C Scotti-Saintagne, D Sabatier, C Richard-Hansen 2013. Unveiling the diet of elusive rainforest herbivores in Next Generation Sequencing era? The tapir as a case study. PLoS ONE, 8, e60799 [pdf].
- V Meyer, SS Saatchi, J Chave, J Dalling, S Bohlman, GA Fricker, C Robinson, M Neumann 2013. Detecting tropical forest biomass dynamics from repeated airborne Lidar measurements. Biogeosciences, 10, 1957-1992. [pdf]
- J Chave. 2014. Floristic shifts versus critical transitions in Amazonian forest systems. In Forests and Global Change, D Burslem D Coomes eds, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge UK, [pdf].
- EA Courtois, J Devillechabrolle, M Dewynter, K Pineau, P Gaucher, J Chave 2013. Monitoring strategy for eight amphibian species in French Guiana, South America, PLoS ONE, 8, e67486 [pdf].
- D Mouillot, DR Bellwood, C Baraloto, J Chave, R Galzin, M Harmelin-Vivien, M Kulbicki, S Lavergne, S Lavorel, N Mouquet, CET Paine, J Renaud, W Thuiller 2013. Rare species support vulnerable functions in high-diversity ecosystems, PLoS Biology, 11, e1001569.
- J Chave 2013. The problem of pattern and scale in ecology: what have we learned in 20 years? Ecology Letters, 16, 4-16. [pdf]
- L Bardon, J Chamagne, KG Dexter, CA Sothers, GT Prance, J Chave 2013. Origin and evolution of the Chrysobalanaceae family: insights into the evolution of plants in the Neotropics. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 171, 19-37. [pdf]
- G Chust, X Irigoien, J Chave, R Harris 2013. Latitudinal phytoplankton distribution and the neutral theory of biodiversity. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 22, 531-543. [pdf]
- S Saatchi, L Ulander, M Williams, S Quegan, T Le Toan, H Shugart, J Chave 2012. Forest biomass and the science of inventory from space. Nature Climate Change, 2, 826-827. [pdf]
- WF Laurance (+ 215 coauthors) 2012. Averting biodiversity collapse in tropical forest protected areas. Nature, 489, 290-294. doi:10.1038/nature11318
- TR Feldpausch, J Lloyd, SL Lewis, RJW Brienen, ... OL Phillips. 2012. Tree height integrated into pantropical biomass forest estimates. Biogeosciences. 9, 3381-3403. [pdf]
- EA Courtois, C Baraloto, CET Paine, P Pétronelli, P-A Blandinières, D Stien, E Houël, J-M Bessière, J Chave 2012. Differences in volatile terpene composition between the bark and leaves of tropical tree species. Phytochemistry, 82, 81-88. [pdf]
- PC Dubois-Fernandez, T Le Toan, S Daniel, H Oriot, J Chave, L Blanc, L Villard, MWJ Davidson, M Petit 2012. The TropiSAR airborne campaign in French Guiana: objectives, description, and observed temporal behavior of the backscatter signal. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 50, 3228-3241. [pdf]
- C Suchet, V Simon, C Raynaud, J Chave 2012. Reproducibility of flower scent emissions in two wild subspecies of snapdragon, Antirrhinum majus. Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, 11, 1201-1211.[pdf]
- G Vincent, D Sabatier, L Blanc, J Chave, E Weissenbacher, R Pélissier, E Fonty, J-F Molino, P Couteron 2012. Accuracy of small footprint airborne LiDAR in its predictions of tropical moist forest stand structure. Remote Sensing of the Environment, 125, 23-33.[pdf]
- Yoccoz NG, Brathen KA, Gielly L, Haile J, Edwards ME, Goslar T, von Stedingk H, Brysting AK, Coissac E, Pompanon F, Sonstebo JH, Miquel C, Valentini A, de Bello F, Chave J, Thuiller W, Wincker P, Cruaud C, Gavory F, Rasmussen M, Gilbert MTP, Orlando L, Brochmann C, Willerslev E, Taberlet P 2012. DNA from soil mirrors plant taxonomic and growth form diversity. Molecular Ecology, 21, 3647-3655. [pdf]
- N Mouquet, V Devictor, CN Meynard, F Munoz, LF Bersier, J Chave, P Couteron, A Dalecky, C Fontaine, D Gravel, OJ Hardy, F Jabot, S Lavergne, M Leibold, D Mouillot, T Munkemuller, S Pavoine, A Prinzing, ASL Rodrigues, RP Rohr, E Thébault, W Thuiller. 2012 Ecophylogenetics: advances and perspectives. Biological Reviews, 87, 769-785. [pdf]
- C Baraloto, OJ Hardy, CET Paine, KG Dexter, C Cruaud, LT Dunning, MA Gonzalez, JF Molino, D Sabatier, V Savolainen, J Chave. 2012. Using functional traits and phylogenetic trees to examine the assembly of tropical tree communities. Journal of Ecology, 100, 690-701. [pdf]
- CET Paine, N Norden, J Chave, PM Forget, C Fortunel, KG Dexter, C Baraloto. 2012 Phylogenetic density dependence and environmental filtering predict seedling mortality in a tropical forest. Ecology Letters 15 34-41. [pdf]
- F Hibert, D Sabatier, J Andrivot, C Scotti-Saintagne, S Gonzalez, M-F Prévost, P Grenand, J Chave, H Caron, C Richard-Hansen. 2011. Botany, genetics and ethnobotany: a crossed investigation on the elusive tapir's diet in French Guiana. PLoS ONE. 6, e25850. [pdf]
- J Kattge, S Diaz, S Lavorel, IC Prentice et al. 2011. TRY - a global database of plant traits. Global Change Biology. 17, 2905-2935 [pdf]
- B Hérault, B Bachelot, F Bongers, J Chave, CET Paine, L Poorter, V Rossi, C Baraloto. 2011. Functional traits predict ontogenetic growth trajectories of tropical trees. Journal of Ecology. 99, 1431-1440 [pdf]
- F Jabot, J Chave 2011. Analyzing tropical forest tree species abundance distributions using a non-neutral model and through approximate Bayesian inference. American Naturalist. 178, E37-E47. [pdf]
- TR Feldpausch, L Banin, OL Phillips, TR Baker, ... J Lloyd. 2011. Height-diameter allometry of tropical forest trees. Biogeosciences. 8, 1081-1106 [pdf]
- CET Paine, C Baraloto, J Chave, B Hérault 2011 Functional traits of individual trees reveal ecological constraints on community assembly in tropical rain forests. Oikos. 120, 720-727.
- C Suchet, L Dormont, B Schatz, M Giurfa, V Simon, C Raynaud, J Chave 2011 Floral scent variation in two Antirrhinum majus subspecies influences the choice of naiuml;ve bumblebees. Behavioural Ecology and Sociobiology. 65, 1015-1027. [pdf]
- P Ciais, A Bombelli, M Williams, SL Piao, J Chave, CM Ryan, M Henry, P Brender, R Valentini 2011 The carbon balance of Africa: synthesis of recent research studies. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B. 369, 2038-2057. [pdf]
- N Delbart, P Ciais, J Chave, N Viovy, Y Malhi, T Le Toan. 2010. Mortality as a key driver of the spatial distribution of aboveground biomass in Amazonian forests: results from a Dynamic Vegetation Model. Biogeosciences 7, 3027-3039 [pdf]
- NJB Kraft, MR Metz, RS Condit, J Chave. 2010. The relationship between wood density and mortality in a global tropical forest dataset. New Phytologist 188, 1124-1136 [pdf]
- C Baraloto, CET Paine, L Poorter; J Beauchène, D Bonal, A-M Domenach; B Hérault, S Patino, J-C Roggy, J Chave 2010. Decoupled leaf and stem economics in rain forest trees Ecology Letters 13, 1338-1347 [pdf]
- SJ DeWalt, SA Schnitzer, J Chave, F Bongers, ... D Thomas 2010. Annual rainfall and seasonality predict pan-tropical patterns of liana density and basal area. Biotropica 42, 309-317[pdf]
- C Baraloto, CET Paine, S Patino, D Bonal, B Hérault, J Chave 2010. Functional trait variation and sampling strategies in species-rich plant communities. Functional Ecology 24, 208-216 [pdf]
- J Chave, D Navarrete, S Almeida, E. Alvarez, L. E. O. C. Aragao, D. Bonal, P. Chatelet, J. E. Silva-Espejo, J.-Y. Goret, P. von Hildebrand, E. Jimenez, S. Patino, M. C. Penuela, O. L. Phillips, P. Stevenson, and Y. Malhi 2010. Regional and seasonal patterns of litterfall in tropical South America. Biogeosciences 7, 43-55. [pdf]
- E Courtois, CET Paine, P-A Blandinières, D Stien, J-M Bessière, E Houël, C Baraloto, J Chave. 2009. Diversity of the volatile organic compounds emitted by 55 species of tropical trees: a survey in French Guiana. Journal of Chemical Ecology 35, 1349-1362 [pdf]
- MA Gonzalez, A Roger, E Courtois, F Jabot, N Norden, B Riera, CET Paine, C Baraloto, C Thebaud, J Chave. 2009. Shifts in species and phylogenetic diversity between sapling and tree communities indicate negative density-dependence in a lowland rain forest. Journal of Ecology 98, 137-146 [pdf]
- S Patintilde;o, J Lloyd, R Paiva, TR Baker, ... OL Phillips. 2009. Branch xylem density variations across the Amazon Basin. Biogeosciences 6, 545-568[pdf]
- MA Gonzalez, C Baraloto, J Engel, SA Mori, P Petronelli, B Riera, A Roger, C Thebaud, J Chave. 2009. Identification of Amazonian trees with DNA barcodes, PLoS ONE 4, e7483 [pdf]
- JS Powers, RA Montgomery, EC Adair, FQ Brearley, ... MT Lerdau. 2009. Decomposition in tropical forests: a pan-tropical study of the effects of litter type, litter placement and mesofaunal exclusion across a precipitation gradient. Journal of Ecology 97, 801-811.[pdf]
- OL Phillips, LEOC Aragao, SL Lewis, JB Fisher, ... A Torres-Lezama. 2009. Drought Sensitivity of the Amazon Rainforest. Science, 323, 1344-1347 [pdf]
- J Chave, D Coomes, S Jansen, SL Lewis, NG Swenson, AE Zanne. 2009. Towards a worldwide wood economics spectrum. Ecology Letters, 12, 351-366 [pdf]
- M. Gloor, OL Phillips, JJ Lloyd, SL Lewis, ... G. van der Heijden. 2009. Does the disturbance hypothesis explain the biomass increase in basin-wide Amazon forest plot data? Global Change Biology 15, 2418-2430 [pdf]
- L Blanc, M Echard, B Herault, D Bonal, E Marcon, J Chave, C Baraloto. 2009. Dynamics of aboveground carbon stocks in a selectively logged tropical forest. Ecological Applications 19, 1397-1404[pdf]
- F Jabot, J Chave. 2009 Inferring the parameters of the neutral theory of biodiversity using phylogenetic information and implications for tropical forests Ecology Letters 12, 239-248 [pdf]
- N Norden, J Chave, P Belbenoit, A Caubere, P Chatelet, P-M Forget, B Riera, J Viers, C Thebaud. 2009. Interspecific variation in seedling responses to seed limitation and habitat conditions for 14 Neotropical woody species. Journal of Ecology 97, 186-197 [pdf]
- N. Norden, M Daws, C. Antoine, M-A Gonzalez, N. Garwood, J. Chave. 2008. The relationship between seed mass and mean time to germination for 1,037 tree species across five tropical forests. Functional Ecology 23, 203-210 [pdf]
- F Jabot, RS Etienne, J Chave. 2008. Reconciling neutral community models and environmental filtering: theory and an empirical test. Oikos 117, 1308-1320. [pdf]
- J. Chave, J Olivier, F Bongers, P Chacirc;telet, P-M Forget, P. van der Meer, N Norden, B Riera, P Charles-Dominique. 2008 Aboveground biomass and productivity in a rain forest of eastern South America. Journal of Tropical Ecology. 24, 355-366. [pdf]
- J Chave, R Condit, H. C. Muller-Landau, S. C. Thomas, ... E. C. Losos. 2008. Assessing evidence for a pervasive alteration in tropical tree communities PLoS Biology, 6, e45 [pdf]
- N. Norden, J. Chave, P. Belbenoicirc;t, A. Caubegrave;re, P. Chacirc;telet, P.-M. Forget, C. Thebaud. 2007. Mast fruiting is a frequent strategy in woody species of Eastern South America. PLoS ONE, 2, e1079 [pdf]
- J. Chave (2009). Competition, neutrality, and community organization. Ed Simon A Levin, The Princeton Guide to Ecology. Princeton University Press.
- K.J. Feeley, S.J. Davies, P.S. Ashton, S. Bunyavejchewin, M.N. Nur Supardi, Abd Rahman Kassim, S. Tan, J. Chave. The role of gap phase processes in the biomass dynamics of tropical forests. 2007. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 274, 2857-2864 [pdf]
- N Norden, J Chave, A Caubegrave;re, P Chacirc;telet, N Ferroni, P-M Forget, C Thebaud. 2007. Is seedling dynamics determined by environment or by seed arrival? A test in a neotropical forest. Journal of Ecology 95, 507-516 [pdf]
- J. Chave, N. Norden. 2007. Changes of species diversity in a simulated fragmented neutral landscape. Ecological Modelling 207, 3-10 [pdf].
- J Chave. (20007 Spatial variation in tree species composition across tropical forests: pattern and process. Eds. Stefan Schnitzer and Walter Carson. Tropical Forest Community Ecology Blackwell
- J. Chave, G. Chust, C. Thebaud. 2007. The importance of phylogenetic structure in biodiversity studies. In pp 151-167, Eds D Storch, P Marquet, and JH Brown. Scaling Biodiversity. Santa Fe Institute Editions [pdf]
- W.F. Laurance, H.E.M. Nascimento, S.G. Laurance, A. Andrade, ... S. D'Angelo. 2006. Rapid decay of tree-community composition in Amazonian forest fragments. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 103, 19010-19014 [pdf]
- H. ter Steege, NCA Pitman, OL Phillips, J Chave, D Sabatier, A Duque, J-F Molino, M-F Prevost, R Spichiger, H Castellanos, P von Hildebrand, R Vasquez. 2006. Continental-scale patterns of canopy tree composition and function across Amazonia. Nature 443, 444-447 [pdf]
- Y Malhi, D Wood, TR Baker, J Wright, ... B Vinceti. 2006. The regional variation of above-ground live biomass in old-growth Amazonian forests. Global Change Biology 12, 1107-1138 [pdf]
- J. Chave, R.S. Etienne, D. Alonso 2006. Comparing models of species abundance. Nature 441, E1[pdf]
- J. Chave, H. Muller-Landau, T. Baker, T. Easdale, H. ter Steege, CO Webb. 2006. Regional and phylogenetic variation of wood density across 2,456 neotropical tree species. Ecological Applications 16, 2356-2367 [pdf].
- H.C. Muller-Landau, R. Condit, J. Chave, S.C. Thomas et 36 autres. (2006) Testing metabolic ecology theory for allometric scaling of tree size, growth, and mortality in tropical forests. Ecology Letters 9, 575-588 [pdf]
- G Chust, A Perez-Haase, J Chave, J Ll Pretus. 2006. Linking floristic patterns and plant traits of Mediterranean communities in fragmented habitats. Journal of Biogeography 33, 1235-1245 [pdf]
- D. Sheil, A. Salim, J. Chave, J. Vanclay, and W. Hawthorne. 2006. Competition for light amongst tropical tree species. Journal of Ecology 94, 494-507 [pdf]
- G. Chust, J. Chave, R. Condit, S. Aguilar, R. Perez, S. Lao. 2006. Determinants and spatial modeling of tree beta-diversity in a tropical forest landscape in Panama Journal of Vegetation Science 17, 83-92 [pdf] [appendix]
- S.A. Schnitzer, S.J. DeWalt, J. Chave. 2006. Censusing and measuring lianas: A quantitative comparison of the common methods. Biotropica 38, 581-591[pdf]
- JJ Gerwing, SA Schnitzer, RJ Burnham, F Bongers, J Chave, SJ DeWalt, C.E.N. Ewango, RB Foster, M. Martinez-Ramos, H.C. Muller-Landau, M. Parren, N. Parthasarathy, DR Perez-Salicrup, DW Thomas 2006. Censusing lianas in tropical forests. Biotropica 38, 256-261 [pdf]
- J. Chave, C. Andalo, S. Brown, M.A. Cairns, J.Q. Chambers, D. Eamus, H. Fouml;lster, F. Fromard, N. Higuchi, T. Kira, J.-P. Lescure, H. Puig, B. Riera, T. Yamakura. 2005. Tree allometry and improved estimation of carbon stocks and balance in tropical forests. Oecologia 145, 87-99 [pdf]
- J. Chave, G. Chust, R. Condit, S. Aguilar, R. Perez, S. Lao. 2005. Error propagation and scaling for tropical forest biomass estimates. Eds OL Phillips and Y Malhi. Tropical Forests and Global Atmospheric Change. Oxford University Press pp 155-163
- Y. Malhi, T.R. Baker, O.L. Phillips, S. Almeida, ... J. Lloyd. 2004 The above-ground coarse wood productivity of 104 Neotropical forest plots. Global Change Biology 10, 563-591 [pdf]
- J Chave. 2004. Neutral theory and community ecology. Ecology Letters 7, 241-253 [pdf]
- S. DeWalt and J. Chave. 2004. Structure and biomass of four Neotropical forests. Biotropica 36, 7-19 [pdf]
- C. Favier, J. Chave, A. Fabing, D. Schwartz, M.A. Dubois. 2004. Modelling forest-savanna mosaic dynamics in man-influenced environments: effects of fire, climate and soil heterogeneity Ecological Modelling 171, 85-102 [pdf]
- J. Chave, R. Condit, S. Aguilar, A. Hernandez, S. Lao, R. Perez. 2004 Error propagation and scaling for tropical forest biomass estimates. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B 359, 409-420 [pdf]
- S.L. Lewis, O.L. Phillips, T.R. Baker, J. Lloyd, ... B. Vinceti. 2004 Concerted Changes in Tropical Forest Structure and Dynamics: Evidence from 50 South American long-term plots . Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B 359, 421-436 [pdf]
- O. Phillips,T. Baker, L. Arroyo, N. Higuchi, ... B. Vinceti. 2004 Pattern and process in Amazon tree turnover, 1976-2001. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B 359, 381-408 [pdf]
- J. Chave and S. Levin. Scale and scaling in economic and ecological systems. 2003 Environmental and Resource Economics 26, 527-557. [pdf]
- S. Levin, H. Muller-Landau, R. Nathan, and J. Chave. The ecology and evolution of dispersal: a theoretical perspective. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution and Systematics. 34, 575-604.[pdf]
- J. Chave, R. Condit, S. Lao, J.P. Caspersen, R.B. Foster, and S.P. Hubbell. 2003. Spatial and temporal variation in biomass of anbsp; tropical forest: results from a large census plot in Panama. Journal of Ecology 91, 240-252 [pdf].
- P. Charles-Dominique, J. Chave, M.-A. Dubois, B. Riera and C. Vezzoli. 2003. Evidence of a colonization front of the palm Astrocaryum sciophilum, a possible indicator of palaeoenvironemental changes in French Guiana.Global Ecology and Biogeography 12, 237-248.[pdf]
- J. Chave, H.C. Muller-Landau, R. Condit, N. Pitman, J. Terborgh, S.P. Hubbell, and E.G. Leigh. 2002. Beta-diversity in tropical trees, response to the letter of Ruokolainen and Tuomisto. Science, 297, 1497a. Online: www.sciencemag.org.
- P. Kouml;hler, J. Chave, B. Riera and A. Huth. 2003. Long term response of tropical forests to the effects of fragmentation.nbsp; Ecosystems 6, 114-128 [pdf]
- R. Nathan, H. S. Horn, J. Chave, and S. A. Levin. Mechanisticnbsp; models for tree seed dispersal by wind in dense forests and open landscapes, in Seed Dispersal and Frugivory: Ecology, Evolution and Conservation, D. J. Levey, W. R. Silva and M. Galettinbsp; eds., CAB International Press, Oxfordshire. UK (2001).[pdf]
- I. Rozdilsky, J. Chave, S. Levin and D. Tilman. 2001. Towards a theoretical basis for ecosystem conservation. Ecological Research,16, 983-995 [pdf]
- J. Plotkin, J. Chave and P.S. Ashton. 2002. Cluster analysis of spatial patterns in Malaysian tree species, American Naturalist 160, 629-644. [pdf]
- J. Chave, and E.G. Leigh Jr. 2002. A spatially explicit neutral model of beta-diversity in tropical forests. Theoreticalnbsp; Population Biology 62, 153-168 [pdf]
- R. Condit, N. Pitman, E.G. Leigh Jr., J. Chave, J. Terborgh, R.B. Foster, P. Nunez, S. Aguilar, R. Valencia, G. Villa, H. Muller-Landau, E. Losos, and S.P. Hubbell. 2002. Beta diversity in tropical forest trees. Science 295, 666-669
- J. Chave, H. Muller-Landau and S. Levin. 2002. Comparing classical community models: Theoretical consequences for patterns of diversity. American Naturalist 159, 1-23.[pdf]
- L. Cournac, M. Dubois, J. Chave, B. Riera. 2002. Fast determination of light availability and leaf area index in tropical forests. Journal of Tropical Ecology 18, 295-302 [pdf]
- I. Dornic, H. Chate;, J.Chave, and H. Hinrichsen. 2001. Critical coarsening without surface tension: the voter universality class. Physical Review Letters 87, 045701 [pdf]
- J. Chave, K. Wiegand and S. Levin. 2002. Spatial and biological aspects of reserve design. Environmental Modeling and Assessment 7, 115-122 [pdf]
- J. Chave, B. Riera and M.-A. Dubois. 2001. Estimation of biomass in a neotropical forest of French Guiana: spatial and temporal variability, Journal of Tropical Ecology 17, 79-96nbsp; [pdf]
- J. Chave. 2001. Spatial patterns and persistence of woody plant speciesnbsp; in ecological communities, American Naturalist 157, 51-65 [pdf]
- J. Chave. 2000. Spatio-temporal dynamics of the tropical forest. Annales de Physique 26, 1-189. [pdf]
- J. Chave. 1999. Study of structural, successional and spatial patterns in tropical rain forests using TROLL, a spatially explicit forest model, Ecological Modelling 124, 233-254 [pdf]
- J. Chave and E. Guitter. 1999. Statistical and dynamical properties of the discrete Sinai model at finite times, Journal of Physics A 32,nbsp;nbsp; 445-468 (1999). [pdf]
- R. Bidaux, J. Chave and R. Vocka. 1999. Early time and asymptotic behaviournbsp; of the maximal excursion of a random walk, Journal of Physics A 32,nbsp; 5009-5016 [pdf]
- P. Charles-Dominique, J. Chave, C. Vezzoli, M. Dubois, B. Riera Growth strategy of the understorey palm Astrocaryum sciophilum . Life Forms and Strategies in Tropical Forest, G. Gottsberger et S. Liede, eds. serie Dissertationes Botanica, Gebruuml;der Borntrauml;ger, Berlin. (2001).
- J. Chave, M.-A. Dubois, B. Riera. A lattice model for tropical rain forests, in Dynamical Systems, Plasmas and Gravitation, Proceedings of a conference in honor of M. Feix, P. Leach, S. Bouquet, J.-L. Rouet, E. Fijalkov eds., Springer-Verlag (1999).
- J. Chave. Dynamique spatio-temporelle de la foret tropicale. Unpublished PhD thesis, University Paris XI Orsay (1999).